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Фиалка полевая

Славянск - Фиалка полеваяФиалка полевая — это однолетнее травянистое растение с ветвистым
облиственным стеблем высотой 15—30 см. Цветки фиалки до 1,5 см в
диаметре, в отличие от трехцветной фиалки венчик двухцветный —
бело-желтый.
Цветет с мая до осени.
Встречается повсеместно, на полях, лесных опушках, заливных лугах, среди кустарников и т.п.

В медицине используется и трехцветная трава фиалки, которую еще
называют иван-да-марья, анютины глазки (братки). В ней содержится много
сапонинов, флавоноидов, гликозидов, эфирное масло, слизь, каротин,
салицилаты, алкалоид, каротиноиды, витамины С, Е, Р и другие вещества.

Фиалку полевую часто используют вместе с трехцветной.
По химическому составу и действию фиалка полевая близка к фиалке
трехцветной, но содержит больше алкалоида виолина и меньше сапонинов.
В аптечной фасовке, как правило, используют смесь этих двух видов фиалок.

Фиалка обладает широким спектром действия, такими как отхаркивающее,
противовоспалительное, противоревматическое, противозолотушное,
тонизирующее, мочегонное, мягчительное, потогонное, кровоочистительное
и дезинфицирующее. А также фиалка способствует сокращению матки в
послеродовой период и нормализует обмен веществ.

Применяются в медицине при катарах дыхательных путей и детских
диатезах. Входит в состав отхаркивающих и мочегонных средств. Ранее
выпускали препараты тривиолин и примулин, трава входила в
противоаллергический сбор «Аверин чай».

Славянск - Фиалка полеваяНастой фиалки с эффективностью используют при хронических
заболеваниях кожи (экземе, псориазе и дерматитах) и при почесухе, без
параллельного применения наружных мазей.
А также ее рекомендуют как мочегонный настой: 30 г травы залить в
300—400 мл воды, настоять.

Отвар корня фиалки: 10 г корня залить 300 мл воды, уваривают на 1/3).
Пить по 15 мл 5—6 раз в день, как слабительное, или по 45 мл и больше —
как рвотное.

В народной медицине фиалка полевая применяется при коклюше,
простуде, бронхиальной астме, заболеваниях и камнях в почках, гастрите,
ревматизме, подагре, артрозах, повышенном половом возбуждении,
различных кровотечениях, туберкулезе легких и лимфатических узлов,
заболеваниях сердца, сердцебиении, атеросклерозе, цистите, рахите,
женских заболеваниях и различных поражениях кожи.

В Азербайджане настой травы и сок фиалки дают детям пить при
золотухе и одновременно втирают в кожу настой травы или делают
примочки. Растертую траву прикладывают к лишаям.

Настой используют для полосканий при заболеваниях глотки, увеличении
миндалин, зубной боли. При заболевании кожи (фурункулезе, трофической
язве, сыпях, угрях) из настоя делают примочки, компрессы, обмывания.

В отваре травы купают детей при диатезах, экземе, скрофулезе и дают
пить его. Ванны также применяют при заболеваниях кожи и суставов.

М. А. Носаль при золотухе рекомендует мазь: 10 г цветков фиалки и
по 5 г травы будры и вербены отварить 5—10 минут в 100 мл масла
растительного или миндального, настоять, отжать, процедить,
прикладывать на марле. На голове предварительно удаляют волосы.

Способы применения:

1. 2,5—5—10% настой — по 15—100 мл 3—5 раз в день как отхаркивающее, мочегонное.

2. Настойка 20—30 % на 40 % спирте — по 20—30 капель 3 раза в день как отхаркивающее,
противоаллергическое.

3. Порошок травы (иногда с сахаром) — по 0,2—0,5 г 2— 4 раза в день (детям) как
отхаркивающее.

4. Трава фиалки и череды — по 20 г каждого; 1 ст. ложку смеси
настоять в 250 мл кипятка — по 15 мл 3—4 раза в день при золотухе.

5. Трава фиалки — 5 частей, цветки ноготков — 3 части и корень лопуха —
2 части; 1 ст. ложку смеси настоять 3—4 ч в 250 мл холодной воды,
отварить 1 минуту — по 1/2 стакана 2—3 раза в день при фурункулезе (В.
В. Кархут).

6. Листья березы, смородины черной — по 5 частей, трава душицы — 3
части, фиалки — 2 части, чабреца — 4 части, листья эвкалипта — 1 часть;
3 ст. ложки сбора довести до кипения в 1 л воды, настоять — для сидячих
ванн при цистите.
Фиалка противопоказана при гломерулонефрите и гепатите.

 

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