Первоцвет

Славянск - ПервоцветПервоцвет весенний (лекарственный), примула — другие названия: первоцвет лекарственный, примула лекарственная,
примула крупночашечковая, баранцы, барашки, божьи ручки, золотые
ключики, желтуха, медяник и др.
Растет в лесных и лесостепных районах Украины и России. Это многолетнее травянистое растение с сочным коротким корневищем и
множеством тонких длинных корней. Стебель безлистый, листья собраны в
прикорневую розетку, яйцевидной формы, сужающиеся в крылатый черешок.
От корневища растёт один или несколько стеблей с цветками,
собранными в виде зонтика и поникающими в одну сторону. Цветы душистые,
золотисто-жёлтые, с трубчатым венчиком (чашечкой).

Цветёт примула, начиная с апреля, до конца мая-июня.
Научная медицина использует листья, цветы а также корневища с корнями.
Листья и цветки первоцвета собирают в начале цветения.

Корни первоцвета выкапывают осенью, моют в проточной воде и сушат.
Сначала привяливают на открытом воздухе, а затем в сушилках при
температуре 40-50 градусов или на чердаке, расстилая тонким слоем на
бумаге. Сохраняют корни 2 года.

Листья используют как витаминное средство для приготовления
концентратов витамина С, которые используются при лечении гипо- и
авитаминозов.
Порошок из толчёных листьев первоцвета принимают при нехватке витаминов
в организме, вялости, отсутствии аппетита, болезнях дёсен.

Первоцвет весенний принадлежит к ценным витаминозным растениям, в листьях его содержится до 500 мг витамина С, каротин.

Славянск - ПервоцветМолодые листья применяют для приготовления супов, борщей, салатов.
В некоторых странах Европы первоцвет культивируют как салатную
культуру.
В народной медицине отвар из листьев в виде примочек и компрессов
применяется при ушибах.

Отвар листьев первоцвета: 15 г сухих листьев
на 1 стакан воды, кипятят 15 минут, или же 1 чайную ложку растёртых в
порошок листьев заливают 0,5 стакана кипятка и настаивают 20-30 минут в
закрытой посуде.
Препараты из листьев и корневищ первоцвета обладают отхаркивающим,
потогонным и мочегонным действием.

Отвар корней применяют при бронхитах, воспалении лёгких, коклюше,
как болеутоляющее средство (при болях в суставах), при хронических
запорах, головных болях, всех болезнях мочеполовых путей и почек.

Отвар корней первоцвета: 1 полную ст. ложку
измельченных корней заливают 0,25 л воды и кипятят 10 минут, затем
настаивают 20-25 минут и процеживают. Принимают по 1 столовой ложке
отвара 4-5 раз в день при заболеваниях органов дыхания.

Или же рецепт №2: берем 20 г измельченных корней первоцвета на 400
мл. воды, кипятим 10 минут, затем настоять 20-25 минут и процедить.
Принимать внутрь по 0,5 стакана 3-4 раза в день.

Из корней первоцвета выпускается сухой экстракт в виде таблеток —
примулен, который применяют при сухом кашле, как отхаркивающее
средство.
Сироп из корневищ первоцвета — также хорошее отхаркивающее средство,
употребляют при кашле.

Народная медицина цветки первоцвета рекомендует как потогонное средство
при простуде, мигренях, головокружениях, бессоннице, лихорадке,
болезнях сердца и туберкулёзе лёгких.

В виде настоя из 10 г сухих цветков залитых стаканом кипятка и
настоянных в течение 15 минут (суточная доза приёма), первоцвет
принимают при неврозах и бессоннице.

Полезен и свежий сок первоцвета
весеннего. Заготовить его можно так: срезать наземную часть растения
перед началом цветения, измельчить её и уложить в стеклянную банку или
эмалированную кастрюлю слоями, пересыпая сахаром. Поставить посуду в
прохладное тёмное место и дать настояться до тех пор, пока обильно не
выделится сок. Затем сок слить, процедить и хранить в темном месте.

Сок первоцвета можно принимать как лечебный и витаминный препарат
взрослылым и детям, (детям — по 1 чайной ложке, взрослым — по 1 ст.
ложке) за полчаса до еды. Полезен он также как лечебное и
профилактическое средство.

В дерматологии препараты первоцвета весеннего назначают внутрь при
облысении, псориазе, красном плоском лишае, наружно, в виде отвара,
добавляют в воду для ванн.

Настой цветков первоцвета: 1 чайная ложка
цветов на стакан кипятка, настоять 5-7 мин, пить по 0,5-1 стакану, как
чай. Действует как снотворное на детей.
Вместе с цветками боярышника чай из цветков первоцвета советуют
принимать при частом сердцебиении. А если в этом напаре будут и цветки
календулы, то это хорошее средство при бессоннице и неврозах.

При кожных высыпах, фурункулах и других кожных заболеваниях, как
хорошее кровоочищаюшее средство, внутрь принимают настой из взятых
поровну листьев крапивы и первоцвета.

Первоцвет противопоказания. Растение
первоцвет не ядовитое, но иногда оно может вызвать аллергическую кожную
реакцию. Поэтому, при появлении воспалительной зудящей сыпи, применение
первоцвета необходимо прекратить.
Не рекомендуют прининять его при беременности, т. к. он стимулирует
сокращение матки и людям с повышенной чувствительностью к первоцвету, с
индивидуальной непереносимостью.


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