Строманта

Славянск - строманта уходСтроманта принадлежит к семейству марантовых. Очень
красивые лиственно-декоративные травянистые низкорослые растения,
завезенные в Европу из тропических лесов Центральной и Южной Америки. В
природе насчитывается по разным справочникам от 5 до 15 видов, дело в
том что, строманту часто путают с калатеей и даже с ктенантой.
Некоторые ботаники даже не выделяют строманту в отдельный род и не
разделяют ее с калатеями.
Это многолетнее травянистое растение высотой 60-80 см. Строманта,
как и все представители семейства марантовых (калатеи, маранта,
ктенанте), обладает красивыми довольно крупными листьями. Строманта редко
встречается в культуре и требует специальных условий выращивания:
помещения с высокой влажностью воздуха и температурой не ниже 18 С.
Растение довольно крупное для выращивания в «бутылочных садах», поэтому
наиболее широко используется при создании групповых композиций, или
солитерно.
 
Славянск - строманта уходСтроманта обладает красивыми довольно крупными овальными листьями
длиной 15-35 см, зеленые или пестрые, с изящным  атласным блеском,
нижняя часть пластинки бардовая. У основания они имеют особое сочленение
с черешком, позволяющее им
легко поворачиваться к источнику света.  Розовые, кремовые и
зеленыенеправильные полосы вдоль листа делают это растение очень
стильным. Цветки белой, бледно-желтой окраски, собраны в небольшие
колоски, в комнатных условиях цветет очень редко.

Строманта неоспоримо красивое, но очень капризное
растение. Рекомендуется для озеленения малогабаритных жилых помещений,
любительских коллекций, выставок, композиционных аранжировок и зимних
садов.
Для комнатного содержания трудности составляет сухой воздух, которого
не переносит растение. Ему требуется влажность не менее 60%, не любит
растение сквозняков, резкой смены температуры, ошибок в поливе.

Поддерживать влажность можно с помощью установки горшка в
поддон с влажным керамзитом и регулярного опрыскивания кипяченой водой
комнатной температуры, непременно мягкой. Зимой растение нужно оберегать
от теплого воздуха, идущего от радиаторов отопления и холодного
воздуха, поступающего из открытых окон.

Прямые солнечные лучи вредны для этого растения. Лучше для строманте
не солнечное местоположения, но достаточно светлое и теплое.
Минимальная температура не должна быть меньше 18 градусов. 

Уход за стромантой 

Славянск - строманта фотоМестоположение:
строманта – светолюбивое растение, но не переносит прямых солнечных
лучей, поэтому в летние жаркие дни ее следует слегка притенять. Зимой
держат в хорошо освещенной комнате вдали от прямого солнца. Размер и
окраска листьев зависят от того, удачно ли защищено растение от солнца.
Если свет очень яркий, или его мало, листья теряют свою окраску, а
также уменьшается листовая пластинка. Лучше всего растет на окнах
западного и юго-западного  направления. Губительно влияют на растение
сквозняки.

Температура: строманта — теплолюбивое растение. Оптимальная температура
22-26°С, они не должны стоять возле двери, выходящей на
улицу, так как перепады температуры могут стать для них фатальными.
Зимой температура не должна быть ниже 18°С.

Полив:
в период роста поливают обильно 2-3 раза в неделю, но не заливают
водой. Зимой полив уменьшают до 1 раза в 6-8 дней. Поливать следует
тогда, когда верхний слой почвы подсохнет. Поливают теплой мягкой
хорошо отстоянной водой.

Влажность воздуха:
Строманта, как и все марантовые любит очень влажный воздух до 90%.
Необходимы регулярные опрыскивания листьев. От известковой воды на
листьях появляются белые пятна, протирайте их влажной губкой. Летом
горшки рекомендуется ставить в широкие поддоны, выложенные влажным
мхом.Строманты хорошо растут в мини-тепличках, флорариумах,
террариумах.

Подкормка:
в период роста каждые 15 дней, половина дозы жидкого удобрения для
комнатных декоративно-лиственных  растений. Строманты чувствительны к
избытку или перекорму удобрениями.

ПСлавянск - строманта фотоересадка: строманту
пересаживают каждый год в марте-апреле. Горшок должен быть неглубоким,
но широким. Не слишком приминайте субстрат, так как корни могут
задохнуться и начнут гнить. Земляную смесь лучше всего приготовить из
речного песка, измельченного сфагнума, вересковой земли и торфа в
равных частях. Хороший дренаж обязателен.

Размножение:
во время пересадки аккуратно разделите земляной ком на 2-3 части,
чтобы у каждого клубня остались 2-3 хороших корня и несколько листьев.
Новые растения иногда долго и трудно приживаются. Вы значительно
увеличите их шансы на выживание, если поставите на месяц в жаркое и
влажное место.

Вредители:
серая паутина на обратной стороне листьев предупреждает о появлении
красных паутинных клещиков, также поражается строманта трипсами,
щитовкой. Листья теряют окраску, сохнут и опадают. Растение следует
опрыскивать, при необходимости неоднократно инсектицидами. 

Особые трудности при выращивании строманты 

  • Листья желтеют и опадают – слишком сухой воздух.
    Поместите растение на поддон с влажным мхом, ежедневно опрыскивайте
    растение 2 раза в день мягкой теплой водой. Также причиной может быть
    переувлажнение почвы.
  • Вялые, загнивающие стебли бывают при низкой температуре содержания и высокой влажности воздуха.
  • Концы листьев желто-коричневые при избытке или недостатке питательных веществ в почве.
  • Листья сворачиваются и покрываются пятнами —
    недостаточный полив. Почва должна быть все время влажноватой, но не
    переувлажненной.
  • Листья теряют окраску и засыхают при слишком интенсивном солнечном освещении. 

 

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