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Хамедорея

Славянск - ХамедореяХамедорея (пальма Хамедорея) — название рода происходит от греч. Chamai — карликовый, низкий и Dorea — дар, подарок и связано с легкодоступными плодами, висящими невысоко над землей. Это одна из наиболее
приспособленных для комнатного содержания пальм, так как довольно
медленно растет и хорошо переносит некоторую затененность. Кроме того,
эта пальма цветет в молодом возрасте. Часто хамедореи продают уже
цветущие. В комнатных условиях хамедорея вырастает до 1 м и занимает не
много места. Цветение не связано со временами года.
Пальма хамедорея известна также под названием «горная
пальма». Чаще всего, это миниатюрная многоствольная пальма, высота
которой может достигать 2 м, но не больше. Эта красавица замечательно
растет в спальне. Благодаря своим изящным перистым листьям, она способна
живить любую обстановку, придать ей воздушность и легкость.

Другие названия: горная пальма, неанта, коллиния, бамбуковая пальма, хамадорея.

Цветы: невзрачные, собраны в длинные тонкие початковидные соцветия, в форме метелки, оранжево-красные
Листья: длинночерешковые, длиной 15-60 см, перистые, по 8-15 листовых сегментов, узколанцетные, заостренные, темно-зеленого цвета
   Хамедорея — небольшое комнатное растение, карликовая пальма.
 
Название происходит от двух греческих слов chamai – низкий и dorea –
дар, подарок. А выбор такого названия объясняется тем, что плоды этих
пальм висят очень низко, почти касаясь земли. Хамедорея может достигать
высоты 120 см, но обычно продаются экземпляры, не превышающие 60 см.
 
Славянск - ХамедореяХамедорея популярна благодаря отличной способности адаптироваться к
комнатным условиям и придавать интерьеру неповторимый вид. Это
пальмообразное растение может расти почти при любом расположении в
комнате. Ни одно другое растение не дает столько возможностей по
оформлению интерьера, как хамедорея.
  Место для хамедореи в своем
доме или офисе можно достаточно свободно выбирать – у этого растения
умеренная потребность в освещении, оно прекрасно себя чувствует в
притененных местах, в частности на тенистых подоконниках. Не
рекомендуется размещение вблизи батарей. Желательно обеспечить ей
максимально возможную влажность воздуха. Опрыскивать растение нужно
начинать уже в первый день его пребывания у вас дома или в офисе.
Желательны опрыскивания два раза в день. Если хамедорея пришла к вам в
пластиковом транспортировочном горшке, ее необходимо пересадить через
две-три недели. Появление светлых пятен на старых листьях, их засыхание и
отмирание – естественный процесс. Однако этот процесс важно не
перепутать с засыханием листьев, связанным с неправильным содержанием
хамедореи. При неправильном содержании засыхают не только старые листья,
но и молодые побеги. Старые листья желательно срезать только когда они
практически полностью пожелтели. В противном случае после срезания
нижнего листа неизбежно начинается отмирание следующего.

Хамедорею легко приобрести — как отдельно, так и в
композициях, — во всех садоводческих центрах и цветочных магазинах с
широким выбором культур. Покупайте маленькое растение с множеством
листьев, хорошо «одетым» основанием, без пятнистых или сухих листьев и
побегов.

 
 

   Хамедорея одноцветная Chamaedorea concolor
— кустовидное растение, с многочисленными стволиками, листья более
тонкие и длинные чем у предыдущего вида. Цветки желтоватые. Эта
пальмочка одна из самых неприхотливых и теневыносливых.

     Хамедорея изящная Chamaedorea elegans
— кустовидное растение, имеет несколько стволиков, на каждом из
которых 6-7 перистых листьев. Цветки светло-желтые или оранжевые,
собранные в рыхлую метелку. Другbе названиz этой пальмы Неанта красивая Neanthe bella, Коллинзия изящная Collinia elegans.

     Хамедорея Эрнеста-Августа Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti
— имеет одиночный ствол, листьев не много, они не перистые, а
цельные, раздвоенные на конце. Характерное отличие — воздушные корни в
узлах стебля. Цветки красные.

     Освещение 

     Теневыносливо

     Местоположение

     Светлое место, легкая полутень,
защита от прямых солнечных лучей обязательна. В комнате подходит место
около восточного, западного или северного окна.

     Полив

     Почва постоянно должна быть влажной, летом растение поливают обильнее, чем зимой.

     Дополнительная влажность 

     Регулярно опрыскивают, два-три
раза в день. Хамедореи любят очень влажный воздух, при сухом воздухе
(особенно если есть радиаторы центрального отопления) это растение часто
поражается паутинным клещом.

     Уход

     C марта по август проводят удобрительные поливки через 2 недели, жидким удобрением для комнатных цветов.

     В период зимнего покоя температуру снижают до 15 градусов.

     Размножение

     Размножается делением куста при
пересадке. Возможно размножение семенами, период прорастания 1-6
месяцев. Семена сеют сразу после покупки, так как, они быстро теряют
всхожесть. 

     Пересадка

     Пересаживают, когда корни
заполнят весь горшок или кадку. Почва — 2 части легкой
глинисто-дерновой, 2 части перегнойно-листовой, 1 часть торфяной, 1
часть перепревшего навоза, 1 часть песка и немного древесного угля 

     Возможные трудности

  Вредители: при теплом и сухом воздухе, на хамедорею могут нападать щитовки и паутинный клещ, обрабатывать актелликом.

    Коричневые кончики листочков:
причина — сухой воздух. В жаркую погоду растения часто опрыскивают.
Другие возможные причины — недостаточный полив, холодный воздух или
повреждение листьев в результате прикосновения к ним.

    Желтеющие листья: недостаточный полив. Летом корни не должны пересыхать.

    Коричневые пятна на листьях:
обычная причина — пятнистость листьев, которая появляется при
переувлажнении почвы или при внезапном понижении температуры. Удалите
поврежденные листья и исправьте ошибки в уходе. Другой причиной может
быть использование для полива очень жесткой воды.

    Коричневые листья: нижние
листья с возрастом темнеют и отмирают. Их следует обрезать, а не
отрывать. Если все растение темнеет и появляются признаки загнивания,
это свидетельствует о переувлажнении почвы.

Успехов вам в уходе за домашними цветами !

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